Victor Hugo’s Ninety-Three

Lead Faculty
Lisa VanDamme


In her introduction to Ninety-Three, Ayn Rand called Victor Hugo the greatest novelist in world literature. And yet, she said, his works have been all but forgotten, lying buried under the esthetic rubble of our day. In this course, we will unearth the literary treasure Ninety-Three, and through weekly discussions of a few chapters at a time, we will come to a deep understanding of Hugo’s monumental novel. In the process, we will practice – and conceptualize – an approach to reading that will help you mine the value of every masterpiece of literature.July – September 2023


To be determined

Live Class

July 1, 2023

Start Date

Lead Faculty







Copyright © 1985 – 2021 The Ayn Rand® Institute (ARI). Reproduction of content and images in whole or in part is prohibited. All rights reserved. ARI is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Contributions to ARI in the United States are tax-exempt to the extent provided by law. Objectivist Conferences (OCON) and the Ayn Rand Institute eStore are operated by ARI. Payments to OCON or the Ayn Rand Institute eStore do not qualify as tax-deductible contributions to the Ayn Rand Institute. Ayn Rand® is a registered trademark and is used by permission.